HOME-BASED ENTERPRISES TOWARD A PRO-POOR URBAN DESIGN APPROACH

Alshimaa Abolmakarem Farag

Abstract


In our daily life, we walk through areas inhabited by poor people where home-based enterprises are noticeable.
A home is thus one of few resources where poor generate income through active home-based enterprises (HBEs). In
this context, the term “Home” is used to refer to a dwelling unit and/or it‘s associated including any adjacent open
areas. The “Home-Based Enterprises” which considered as a sub-group of the informal economy and have a
significant effect in the life of the poor. Some studies have encouraged a fundamental re-thinking of the informal
economy, being important in developing countries where population and demand for jobs, goods and services are
growing too quickly for the formal sector to cope with. However, this sector has significant costs as well as benefits.
As the informal economy in Egypt covers a wide range of activities and plays a significance role in reducing
poverty, there is a need to re-consider HBEs activities in light of their positive contributions that offset their negative
effects on urban spaces. This paper is concerned with Home Based Enterprises (HBEs), their major characteristics as
well as the effects that their activities have on residential urban space. It also calls for pro-poor urban design
strategies, which must be planned to serve of the fight against poverty. The need to change the perception of poor
and poverty is explored. Awareness among planners that home sphere is more than a consumptive asset for domestic
purposes is hoped to be raised

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