Analysis of the Nonlinear Impairments on the DWDM Optical Communication Systems

Walid Saber El-Deeb, Mohamed Tosson Mohamed, A. E. Abdelnaiem


In the dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) there are many factors affecting their performance. These factors can be divided into linear and nonlinear effects. The linear effects such as chromatic dispersion (CD) and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) can be compensated easily by dispersion compensation fiber (DCF) or fiber Bragg gratings (FBG). The nonlinear effects are the major and most dangerous factors that affect the signal quality and the overall performance of the DWDM. The nonlinear effects can be divided into self-phase modulation, cross phase modulation, four waves mixing, stimulated Brillion scattering and stimulated Raman scattering. This paper discusses the nonlinear effects of the DWDM system and the different ways to overcome these effects to improve the overall signal quality. This simulation analysis was performed using Optisystem (7) simulator


DWDM; FWM; Optical Amplifier; SRS; SBS; XPM

Full Text:



M.Tosson, Walid S. El-Deeb, A.E.Abdelnaiem,“Comparison of Chromatic Dispersion Compensation in Optical Fiber with Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) and Dispersion Compensation Fiber (DCF) for 10 Gbps and 40 Gbps”, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research (IJSER), Vol 6, Issue 6, pp. 1284-1289, June2015.

M.Tosson, Walid S. El-Deeb, A.E. Abdelnaiem, “Dispersion Compensation Techniques for DWDM Optical Networks”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering (IJARCCE),Vol. 4, Issue 8, pp. 1-6, August 2015.

Manjari Sharma and P. K. Raghav, “Analysis on Dispersion Compensation in WDM Optical Network using Pre, Post and Symmetrical DCF based on Optisystem”, MIT International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJECE), Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 58-63, January 2014.

Ravi Prakash Shukla, Mukesh kumar, A.K. Jaiswal, Rohini Saxena,”Performance Analysis of Dispersion in Optical Communication link Using Different Dispersion Compensation Fiber (DCF) Models”, International Journal of Recent Technology an d Engineering (IJRTE),

Vol 1, Issue 2, pp. 161-162, June 2012.

Ronen Dar, Meir Feder, Antonio Mecozzi, and Mark Shtaif, “Accumulation of nonlinear interference noise in fiber-optic systems”, Optical Society of America journal, Vol. 22, Issue. 12, pp.14199-14211, 2014.

Marvin Suraj Koshy, Pratheesh P,”Analysis of SPM and FWM in Optical Fiber Communication System using Optisystem”, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT),Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp.1700-1703, March 2014.

Devan Bhalla, Monica Bhutani, “Performance Analysis of Four Wave Mixing:A Non -Linear Effect in Optical Fibers”, International Journal of Computer Applications”, Vol. 93, Issue 7, pp. 44-50, May 2014.

Yogita Thareja, Gurmeet Singh, “Effect of SRS-XPM-FWM-ASE Nonlinearity in Optical Communication System”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue 7, pp. 3057-3062, July 2013.

Arash Bahrami, Wai Pang Ng, Zabih Ghassemlooy and Thavamaran Kanesan,“Effect of Nonlinear Phase Variation in Optical Millimetre Wave Radio over Fibre Systems”, Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering Innovations(JECEI) , Vol. 3, Issue. 1, pp. 17-27, 2015.

N. Kikuchi, K. Sekine and S. Sasaki,“Analysis of cross-phase modulation (XPM) effect on WDM transmission performance”Electronics Leters,Vol. 33 No. 8, April 1997.

Liang B. Du and Arthur J. Lowery, “Channelized Chromatic Dispersion Compensation for XPM Suppression and Simplified Digital SPM Compensation”, Optical Society of America, conference, San Francisco, California United States, 9–13 March 2014, pp.2-13.

Rahul Umesh Kale, Pavan Mahadeo Ingale, Rameshwar Tukaram Murade, “Comparison of SRS & SBS (Non Linear Scattering) In Optical Fiber”, International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering (IJRTE), Vol 2, Issue 1, pp.118-122, March 2013.


  • There are currently no refbacks.