APPLICABILITY OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING TECHNIQUES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE ENTERPRISES VIA A QUESTIONAIRE

Gamal M. Nawara, Mahasen M. H. Khater, M. A Mostafa

Abstract


This paper intends to measure the extent to which Industrial Engineering techniques are applied in small and medium-size enterprises to manage productivity, diagnose reasons of low usability of IE techniques. It describes several definitions for SMEs and their great role in the Egyptian economy. So, a questionnaire was designed to establish a fact base about the use of IE techniques in regional SMEs in Egypt. The survey results were analyzed to diagnose the percent of applicability of these techniques and their relationship with the type of industry and the volume of the enterprise. The business mix was selected to embrace the manufacturing and trade sectors separately and to de-termine whether different business groups had different approaches to the use of best-practice IE techniques. The questionnaire had several sections with selected questions to examine the usabili-ty of IE techniques with each question having several choices to select from. Also, direct observa-tion was made for about two days in each industrial enterprise and some hours for trade enterpris-es. An excel sheet was designed to analyze the collected data, getting the representative tables. Finally the results were analyzed to determine the main causes of difficulty of applying the IE techniques in SMEs

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