GROUNDWATER MANAGEMENT NORTH OF SHARKIA GOVERNORATE (EGYPT)

Ahmed H. El-sayed, Nahed E. Elaraby, Akram M. Fekry, Mohamed F. Hendy

Abstract


Egypt is one of the countries facing great challenges due to its limited water resources represented mainly by its fixed share of the Nile water and its aridity as a general characteristic. Therefore developing other water resources, of which groundwater is the most important, for irrigation, domestic and industrial uses is necessary to meet increasing water demands. The groundwater development is controlled mainly by economic and quality considerations. The groundwater aquifer located below Sharkia governorate is taken as the case study. The project area is located at latitude 32.5° N and 30° longitudinal at an elevation of 10 m above the mean sea level. Special reference is made to groundwater evaluation, and present and future utilization. A variety of groundwater development schemes have been implemented to supplement surface water deficits or to solve drainage problems. This article is an attempt to give a brief review on the status of eastern delta aquifer, present, and future plans for groundwater development that are usually based on the hydrogeological characteristics of the groundwater aquifer. In this paper, Simulation model has been applied to produce different operational scenarios for Groundwater aquifer by using simulation software (Modflow) under Sharkia Directorate, Egypt. The simulated model has been used to study the effect of increasing in groundwater discharge under different policies of optimal water resources management in Sharkia Directorate. The model enables the water planner/manager to evaluate and choose the most suitable operation guidelines for the local conditions and objectives.

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